Interesting facts about Genes

The earth is a mix of many genes of humans, animals, viruses, bacteria, shark and so on. Just think of every living life and think why is it like this?  It`s all about genes.

Did you wonder if the number of genes can make a difference in your life? And the crazier fact is that these genes are not constant. They are always evolving and changing becoming better or furious. It depends of what we are talking about. Over here, I am only going to talk about numbers, Just numbers. And its going to blow your mind.

Q1. How many genes are there in Humans?

A1. Its about 100,000.

Q2. Do we know the function of all the genes in humans?

A2. No. We only know the function of about 19,000-20,000 genes which are known as protein coding genes.

Q3. What about other 80,000 genes?

A3. Earlier they consider them to be non-functional genes (non coding) but the theories are changing stating that they have an effect on function of 20,000 protein coding genes.

Q4. What is the most popular gene in Humans?

A4.  The gene is known as TP53. It`s role is to protect you from the cancer.

If there is a technology or a strategy that can make this gene so strong that it never under goes mutations. There will be no case of cancer in the world.

Well this is something about genes in humans. What about the genes in other living life?

Q5. When was the first tiger genome published?

A5. 2013

Q6. How many genes are there in a tiger?

A6. Researchers reported 20,226  protein coding genes and 2,935 non coding genes. Well the numbers can change with advancement in technology.

Q7. When was the first cat genome published? Do you know the name of the Cat?

A7. 2007. The name of the cat is cinnamon.

Q8. How many genes are there in a cat?

A8. Roughly 20,000 genes.

Q9. What percentage of DNA tiger shares with a domestic cat?

A9. 96%

Sometimes I wonder if we put the rest 4% genes from the tiger in a cat that cats does not have, will they become more ferocious like wild tigers.  What if you subtract these 4% genes from the tigers that cats does not have? Will you be able to play with these tigers like you can play with cats?   I am really interested to know more about these 4% genes. 😉 

Q10. How many genes are there in  most common bacteria- E.coli?

A10. It can vary from 4000 to 6000 genes

Do you know that this E.Coli normally live in the intestines of the humans and animals but some types of E.coli can cause intestinal infection include diarrhea, abdominal pain and fever. In some extreme cases, it can also lead to bloody diarrhea, dehydration or even kidney failure.

In this case you usually doctors advise you for a course of antibiotics and other medications. Not only this, there are reports that this along with other set of bacteria have become resistance to these antibiotics.

Q11. How many genes are resistant to antibiotics?

A11. It is a very hard question to answer but out of 4000-6000 genes that are present in E.Coli, there can be 5-10 genes (it can be more) that are resistant to bacteria which can vary in different strains of bacteria.

There is a small or big chance that these genes are present in the E.coli that are growing strong in your intestine.

Let me tell you something about Apple Fruit.

Q12. When was the first Apple genome published?

A12. 2010. It was a collaborative project between countries – New Zealand, USA, Italy, Belgium and France.

Q13. What is the total number of genes in a apple?

A13. A big count of 57000. Wow

Q14. Does the genome of apple reveal something new?

A14. Yes, That it is a fruit crop of temperate region  and the Asian apple is the ancestor not the European apple which was proposed earlier as an ancestor.

Q.15 What about the number of genes in Dinosaur? 😉

A15. Yet to find 😉

 

 

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Categories: Gene talk

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