Little-Bit about Wine

Of course, you are Interested to know more about wine. And may be some of you or most of you are only interested in drinking but it`s always good to know the process. There is a old saying that its very important to know your wine as it is indeed personal. To know more about wine, it would be good to know brief history about the grapes.

Grapes are one of the oldest domesticated crops discovered nearly 5000-8000 years and out of which more than 50% is used to make vine and 36% of them are eaten fresh. Since then there has been lot of changes in berry size or the overall bunch size depending on the breeding pattern and agricultural style.

In one of the research, it was found out that the grapes that are desired for wine are usually smaller in size usually found in the Christian dominated areas whereas the table grapes or grapes just to eat are of big size that are usually found in Islam dominated regions. They concluded that religious or cultural beliefs have marked a strong impact on the diversity of the Grapes.

Have you ever asked yourself if your wine is natural or industrial?

Natural wine is a wine that produced organically without adding any external substance. But remember, in a natural wine there is nothing added or removed from the start of the wine making until the end.  The wine that comes out after natural process is the wholesome fruits along with all the microbes and sugars that are present in the process. So one of the most important biological cycle which is important in wine making is known as TCA cycle which gives the important intermediates (like basic building blocks) for amino acids and nucleotide synthesis. This cycle also gives the citric acid as one of the intermediate which is important for the wine making process as it is responsible for the aroma and acidity of the wine. In natural wine, there is no addition of citric acid or other similar acids to change the flavor or aroma. As far as i know, the taste and aroma of  the complete natural wine  is going to be really strong with little sugary taste. Sometimes, wine makers complete the fermentation of wine inside the final bottle as it gives the wine more sugary flavor, with some fizzzzz and pulp of the fruit.

Considering the industrial wine, researchers have been doing an incredible job in an interdisciplinary approach to make your wine the best wine and even trying to make the wine as personal as it can become.

I am sure you must be feeling bit lost with statement.

But i wanted to say that a start up called Vinome is claiming that they can provide you the best wine of your life by comparing your DNA and taste buds. The wine they make is unique and is only for your taste buds. But it looks like that they are not joking as they are backed up by the biggest sequencing technology of the world called Ilumina sequencing technology.

Until now, I read that researchers are working on personalized medicine – the medications or treatment according to your DNA, now the personalized wine and in future, science will give us the personalized food, perfumes, and never ending day to day products.

Coming back to wine..

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We know that there is massive rise in population, huge demand of good wine, and the attack of changing climate, evolving pathogens that is killing the production of grapes and apples. Moreover, growers are not hesitating to use the deadly chemicals to protect there harvest. And what about the consumers demand of tasty and wooden flavor wine? There are so many questions but no answers.

Do you think that we will be able to produce a good quality wine in 22nd or 23rd century?  😉 

How do we protect the harvest without using chemicals?

Yes there is a solution

With the development of sequencing and genomics technologies, there is a hope that we can try to solve or know the problems occurring in the process of wine-making at early stages of the process. These technologies are the new advancements in the overall agriculture field to identify pathogens in the fields at early stages or develop the crops with traits that are adaptive to the changing climate.

Thanks to genetic diversity 😀

Stay tuned for more update and remember WINE IS ALWAYS FINE



Categories: Gene talk

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